ÔÇťDiscovery of catalytic properties of RNA."
ÔÇťThe achievement of Bose-Einstein condensation in dilute gases of alkali atoms, and for early fundamental studies of the properties of the condensates.ÔÇŁ
Carl Wieman and Eric Cornell
ÔÇťContributions to the development of laser-based precision spectroscopy, including the optical frequency comb technique.ÔÇŁ
John ÔÇťJanÔÇŁ Hall
ÔÇťGround-breaking experimental methods that enable measuring and manipulation of individual quantum systems.ÔÇŁ